Southeast Asia – Travel info

Travel to any place or any country in the world,  you also should find at least the most useful travel guides and information about that destination to definitely that your trip is prepared the most completely and convenient, and hereunder is all the most necessary travel guides and info for any trip to the Southeast Asia included: Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos, Thailand, Myanmar:

  1. Food
  2. Weather & The best time to visit
  3. Clothes & Footwear should wear
  4. Flights & Luggage
  5. Currency
  6. Phones
  7. Hotels’ standard
  8. Languages
  9. Sightseeing must see in Vietnam
  10. The best routes and time with the total days should travel throughout Vietnam
  11. Sightseeing must see in Laos


1. Food

Food culture is something which is related to eating, drinking, but varies in communities. It is shown in the way people prepare and enjoy food, drinks, and reflects the economic cultural – social life of that area. When traveling to a country, or a place, you should try to enjoy the specialties of that land.

Myanmar Special Food

In Myanmar, rice is the main food and it accounts for 75% of the diet of the people of Myanmar. Their meals are always accompanied by meat, soup, fish, salads and vegetable dishes, and are cooked in the own ways of Myanmar people.

Shan rice dish is the traditional food of Shan ethnic – Myanmar’s main ethnic group. This is a kind of mixed rice, the rice is cooked with turmeric water and served with freshwater fish which is always marinated with garlic and peppers. This dish is not for people who cannot eat spicy food it is very hot and spicy. Besides rice with fish, there are a couple of roasted salted peanuts, or boiled eggs, or seasonal vegetable…

Myanmar food, sightseeing must see in Myanmar

Shan rice dish is the traditional food of Shan ethnic – Myanmar’s main ethnic group

Curry is also one of the main attractive dishes in Myanmar. Curry here is cooked from a variety of ingredients such as chicken, beef, pork, lamb or seafood … In some restaurant, curry is cooked with onions and is quite affordable and attractive. In the meals of Myanmar people, curry rice will be served with salad, vegetables or tofu.

Top Restaurants in Myanmar

BBQ Harmony, Bagan

As the name implies, BB Harmony restaurant specializes in serving grilled dishes, including many different types of meat for you to choose from such as pork, beef, sheep, fish, seafood, vegetables. Especially, the serving staff in the restaurant are young boys who have the professional style and are friendly, humorous. The meat slices are grilled on the spot when you order and are served with rice and sauce, which is extremely nice and delicious. Prices range from 1,000 to 3000 kyat for a meal.

Add: Bagan, Myanmar

Tel: +95 9 44400 4288

Pan Swel Taw – Restaurant & Cafe, Yangon

Pan Swel Taw – Restaurant & Café is one of the famous restaurants that are popular with many tourists when visiting Myanmar. It specializes in serving traditional Myanmar food such as Shan Rice, Tea Leaf Salad, Shan noodles… The food and drink here are very diverse, so you can be free to choose the food which suites your tastes. The restaurant has clean and airy space. In addition, after eating, you can go to the cafe of the restaurant to chat and have fun. This restaurant is considered one of the typical restaurants when you visit Yangon Myanmar

Add: Bagan, Myanmar

Tel: +95 9 44400 4288

Thailand Special Food

Thai pad is one of the famous and the most popular dishes of the country of Golden Temples, Thailand. this special food can also be understood as fried noodles. Ingredients of this dish consist of fried noodles mixed with eggs, peanuts, dried shrimp, tofu, tamarind sauce, beans, sometimes added with shrimp or squid.

Thai food

Stir-Fried Rice Noodle with Shrimp in Thai style (or still called Thai pad)

Tom Yam Kung is a traditional soup of Thailand with many ingredients such as shrimp, mushrooms, tomatoes, lemongrass, galangal and lime leaves. The broth is cooked with coconut milk and fresh cream, the flavors of sour, spicy, sweet and salty intertwined together to make up a delicious Thai dishes, which has enchanted countless people around the world every time they enjoy this recipe.

Khao Pad is a characteristic fried rice in central Thailand. It is made from Thai jasmine rice instead of long grain rice that people often use. Meat (they can use chicken, shrimp, and crabs), egg, onion, garlic and tomatoes are stirred with spices like soy sauce, sugar, salt, chili sauce, fish sauce. Then, it is served with cucumber, tomato slices, lemon and a little onion and cilantro.

Massaman, the curry originated in southern Thailand, is a dish of Muslims. Massaman is cooked from chicken and potatoes marinated in coconut milk. Curry powder, coconut milk, peanuts and a little nutmeg and cinnamon sauce make a very delicious curry.

Top Restaurants in Thailand

Kinnaree Gourmet Thai Restaurant (Bangkok)

Kinnaree’s campus is like a lovely garden with intermingled houses that create interesting and memorable features for the restaurant. It would be very interesting if you choose a light drink to enjoy at the cocktail bar before entering the restaurant to dine. Kinnaree has interesting and unique ways of presenting, arranging food and drink.

Address: 43 Sukhumvit Rd., Soi 8 Klongtoey, Bangkok 10110

Tel: 0-2256-0328 Fax: 0-2256-0345

Web: www.kinnareegourmet.com

Cafe Ice Silom (Bangkok)

At the first time hearing the name of the restaurant, many people think that it is a coffee shop, but in fact, it is a famous restaurant in Bangkok. With large and magnificent space and delicious food, Cafe Ice offers diners the warmth and intimacy place. The interior of the restaurant is decorated with wood, from wooden tables and chairs, wooden stairs to the decorations in the restaurant (oil paintings, sculptures, and antiques). In that space, music (jazz) makes the atmosphere even warmer and more romantic. The restaurant serves not only typical dishes of Thai cuisine but also dishes of countries like Italy, France … All are for you to enjoy. The most popular and favorite dish is crab spring roll, from the presentation of the dish, the sauce to the flavor… all are really impressive to many visitors.

Opened: Monday- Saturday

Address: 44/2 Soi Pipat 2 (Sathorn 8), Silom, Bangrak, Bangkok 10500

Tel: 02 636 7373

Website: www.cafeicethailand.com

Bussaracum restaurant, Bangkok

Bussaracum is famous for its traditional Thai food and the best service. In a cozy and luxurious space, diners will enjoy traditional Thai dishes prepared by chefs at Bussaracum and presented very attractively. Many diners visiting the Bussaracum do not want to be the first to touch the food because they are afraid of ruining a work of art. The food at Bussaracum is not only beautiful in appearance but also impresses the taste of the diners, the taste of the food will certainly not disappoint customers.

Address: No. 912/6 Sukhumvit 55 (it is opposite Soi Thonglo 25), Klongton Nua, Wattana, Bangkok.

Tel: 0271478015

Email: info@bussaracum.com

Website: bussaracum.com

Laos Special Food

Sticky rice is an important daily food of Laotians. At parties, family meals, Lao people eat sticky rice. Today, many families have the habit of eating rice, but the number is not much. In Laos, there are very few black or multi-colored sticky rice like some other countries. Lao people eat sticky rice with grilled chicken, boiled vegetables and “cheo boong ” – a delicious sauce which is similar to seasoning sauce in Vietnam. Sticky rice is packed in bamboo baskets, so it looks more familiar and has the attractive aroma.

Laos special food, Laos food, food must try in Laos

Sticky rice is an important daily food of Laotians

Larb: Referring to Laos cuisine, we can not fail to mention Larb. This dish is popular in all regions of Laos and is consider the good luck wishes of the owner to guests. The ingredients used to make this dish include beef, pork, chicken … and mixed with chopped liver with spices such as lemon juice, chili, galangal, powdered grilled rice. After being mixed, Larb will be served with raw vegetables like fish mint, lettuce, Chinese pea…, all blend together creating the extremely attractive aroma. The sour taste of the lime juice, spicy taste of chili, the aroma of spices … give you an unforgettable experience.

Khausoy is a famous dish in Luang Prabang. It looks like “pho” (noodles) in Vietnam, but the ingredients are much simpler and it tastes very delicious. The broth of Khausoy is just boiled water to blanch the noodles. Then, they pour the water and noodles into a bowl, the put khausoy on the top. This dish is served with vegetables, raw spinach, dried onion, pepper, chili paste. Khausoy is the most important ingredient of this dish, it is made of minced pork mixed with garlic, tomatoes, spices of all kinds.

Top restaurants in Laos

KhopChaiDeu Restaurant, Vientiane

In Laos language, this restaurant (Vientiane) means “thank you”. Khopchaideu has three floors, the first floor is the bar and beer room, the second floor is catering. This is a modern style restaurant with a varied menu of 20 dishes including local, Japanese, Chinese dishes and Western desserts. Among them, the majority of dishes are still traditional dishes of Laos such as Larb, barbecue, sticky rice and insect dishes.

Coming to the restaurant, visitors will enjoy the food whose the price is not too expensive and the attitude of serving staff here is also very good. It will be a great choice for you when traveling to Laos.

Address: 54 Sethathirat Rd, Nam Phou, Vientiane, Laos.

Opened from: 8:00 am

Price: from 5 USD/ dish

Kualao Restaurant, Vientiane

Kualao is one of the most luxurious restaurants in Vientiane, the restaurant serves traditional cuisine throughout Laos. At the restaurant, you will enjoy delicious food as well as receive enthusiastic service from the restaurant staffs. An ideal space with melodious, romantic music with professional dancers and also Lao music will be a great place for you to stop and enjoy meals.

Address: 141 Samsenthai Road, Vientiane, Laos

Opened: 11:30

Price: approximate 20 USD

Cambodia Special Food

Bai Sach Chrouk dish is always available on street corners all over Cambodia in the early morning. This is a simple and very popular dish in Cambodia. Bai Sach Chrouk includes white rice served with thinly sliced pork marinated in garlic and coconut milk or grilled on charcoal to saturate the meat slowly and therefore the dish has natural sweet fragrance. Also, it is eaten with a bowl of soup cooked from chicken, a small bowl of fresh cucumbers and beets pickled with ginger.

food must try in Cambodia, Cambodia food

Bai Sach Chrouk dish is always available on street corners all over Cambodia in the early morning

Nom Banh Chok is one of a very popular dishes in Cambodia, in English, it is still simply called “Khmer noodles”.  This is a typical and daily breakfast dish, visitors can see that this dish is sold many on the roadside stall of women vendors. Nom Banh Chok includes rice noodles with broth made from traditional spices, served with fresh mint leaves, beans prout, sliced banana inflorescence, cucumbers and other vegetables.

Top Restaurants in Cambodia

Khmer Borane Restaurant

The restaurant is set in traditional style and sells the favorite foods of Cambodian people. The menu has more than a hundred dishes, so guests can select among a variety of food prepared from fish and wild meats. This is the most famous restaurant in Phnom Penh with delicious and nutritious dishes from insects (grilled, fried, stir-fried, soup).

Address: 389 Siscowath Quay Phnom Penh

Price: from 2 USD/ dish

New Delhi Indian Restaurant

Being cleanest, most delicious, most satisfied are the words that visitors give this restaurant. The restaurant serves Indian dishes and service, the decor of the shop in the style of restaurants in India. That is why visitors feel like they are eating in one of the restaurants in New Delhi. Besides, the professional and hospitable staff will give you the moments of relaxation and the most comfortable mood when enjoying the food.

Address: House# 070 Mondol 1 Svaydangkum Communce, Siem Reap

Price: from 4 USD/ dish

Smokin’ Pot Restaurant, Battambang

This is one of the most famous restaurants in the beautiful city of Battambang. Designed in a traditional style, the restaurant serves delicious Cambodian and Thai dishes at an affordable price. You will feel cozy and comfortable when coming here

Opened: 10:00 am – 11:00 pm daily

Address: Battambang City

Price: from 3 USD/ dish

Vietnam Special Food

Pho (Noodle)

Pho is considered the culinary essence of Hanoi and people still say that if go to Vietnam, especially Hanoi without eating this traditional dish, you still have not visited Hanoi yet. There are many flavors of pho, there are also many kinds of beef noodles soup for visitors such as rare, well cooked…. depending on customer’s preference.

special food must try in Vietnam, Hanoi special food

Pho is considered the culinary essence of Hanoi

Pho broth is so tasty and very fragrant due to the processing and selection of spices of the restaurant. Today, it is possible to find the tasty noodle shops in Hanoi, for example, Ly Quoc Su, Bat Dan, Lo Duc. Particularly, Ly Quoc Su brand has many branches, but the one on 56 Dao Tan street has been rated as the best.

Bun Bo Hue/ Hue Beef Noodles soup (the most famous is in Hue, the central Vietnam)
With ingredients including white noodles and sweet tasty broth, the bowl of Hue beef noodle is as bringing the essence of the ancient capital of Hue. Thin slices of beef, minced lemongrass, chili peppers, cashews, the green of spring onions, white onions … create eye-catching colors and urges the diners to taste immediately.
Hue beef noodle soup is served with vegetables such as Centella, spinach, water dropwort, bitter vegetables, beans prout …

special food in Hue

Hue Beef Noodles soup (Bun Bo Hue)

Mi Quang noodles (Quang noodles)
Quang noodle is neither a dish with noodles and broth nor spaghetti (fried) noodles, but it is a kind of mixed noodles. This dish is usually served with shrimp, chicken, pork, catfish, crab … There is even a vegetarian pasta for vegetarians. Depending on people’s taste, the noodles will be made in a different way to satisfy the diners.

Hoi An special food, Hoi An travel

Quang noodle is neither a dish with noodles and broth nor spaghetti (fried) noodles, but it is a kind of mixed noodles.

You should also try the street food in Southeast Asian countries, by it is street food that makes up the very own culinary identity for these countries. In countries in Southeast Asia, it seems to be that the most attractive and unique dishes are sold in the sidewalk stalls instead of big and luxury restaurants; therefore, the price is also very cheap and affordable.

Top Restaurants in Vietnam

Lemongrass restaurant, Ho Chi Minh

With simple furnishings in a narrow 3-storey building, Lemongrass looks like a simple and cheap restaurant. However, the food here is not simple. The delicious dishes here show a rich, fresh and vibrant cuisine of the South perfectly. You should try the grilled beef salad with mango or chicken stirred with lemongrass and chili.

Address: 4 Nguyen Thiep, Ben Nghe, District 1, Ho Chi Minh

Phone: 08 3822 0496

Cham Charm Restaurant, Ho Chi Minh city

Cham Charm is like a white jewel that stands out from the vast space in Ho Ban Nguyet (Crescent Lake) area, it is built in the architecture simulated by Cham architecture. The restaurant is like a western-facing temple on the shores of the lake majestically glistening with the glorious light of the dawn, or shimmering in the glittering sunshine reflected by the lake. Cham Charm has over 1,300 kinds of wine from around the world. Memories of culinary culture and costumes, the traditional music of the countries of India, Thailand, Vietnam, China and Japan are reproduced vividly here. All create a nostalgic atmosphere where you can enjoy the culinary culmination in a quiet, cozy and luxurious space.

Address: Tan Phu, District 7, Ho Chi Minh City

Phone: 08 5410 9999

Luc Thuy (Green Water) Restaurant, Hanoi

Luc Thuy restaurant is listed in the list of the best restaurants in Hanoi because of its location right on Hang Trong Street, the doorways overlooking the Sword Lake, with tranquil, airy space. Decorations in the restaurant are mostly antique or in antique style, from walls, statues to other objects. According to the traditional concept of Oriental people, the food here is guaranteed with four elements of color – flavor – beauty- taste, which contains the balance of yin and yang, the harmonious combination of people and scenery. The menu here is rich with more than 150 dishes, including European and Asian food, many of which are classified as dished offered to the King such bird’s nests, Braised Shark’s Fin Superior, Pigeon stewed with cordyceps roberti….

Address: 16 Le Thai To street, Hang Trong, Hoan Kiem, Hanoi

Phone: 04 6283 8888

The System of Sen (Lotus) Restaurant, Hanoi

Sen Tay Ho cuisine area is a large and varied gastronomic cultural space, which is delicately designed at the prime location on the West Lake. The restaurant complex includes a large chain of restaurants: Traditional Sen Viet, International Buffet Sen, Cung Dinh (Royal Palace) Sen, Lotus Banquet, Open Seafood Market and Entertainment Zone … providing an interesting culinary space bringing the bold culture of the ancient land of Ha Noi. In the Sen system, although there is no spacious space and divided into different restaurants, Sen Ha Thanh and Sen Nam Thanh also help many visitors satisfy their culinary needs.

SEN Tay Ho – 614 Lac Long Quan, Tay Ho

SEN Nam Thanh – 84B Nguyen Du, Hai Ba Trung

Maison SENs – 61 Tran Hung Dao, Hoan Kiem

SEN 60 Ly Thai To – 60 Ly Thai To, Hoan Kiem

La Maison Restaurant

La Maison 1888 Restaurant is located at InterContinental Danang Sun Peninsula Resort, Son Tra Peninsula. The chef of La Maision 1888 is the French cook Michel Roux, a world’s famous chef.

The restaurant serves dishes of French cuisine style in a space designed in the style of an ancient French villa. After enjoying the food here, you can enjoy a drink at the Buffalo Bar in the restaurant with a variety of unique cocktails.

Address: 201B Nam Ky Khoi Nghia Street, Ward 7, District 3, Ho Chi Minh City

Phone: 090 490 32 30

2. Weather & the Best Time to Visit the Southeast Asia

Vietnam weather

Vietnam is a country that stretches over a thousand miles, from the north of Sapa to southern Mekong Delta. There are two quite different climate zones in Vietnam, the climate in the North with four seasons in a year and the tropical climate in the south has only two seasons: dry and rainy.

The climate in southern Vietnam: The end of dry season lasts from December to the end of April. This time, it does not rain very much, the sky is clear and blue. From January to March, there are almost no showers. Northern Vietnam is known for 4 seasons in a year rather than just two seasons. You can choose the time to visit as well as destinations based on the feature of each season. The spring in Northern Vietnam is warm, it can be a little chilly and sometimes there is drizzle. In the summer, the weather is hot and humid. The autumn is cool and is the most comfortable season in the year. In the winter, the weather is cold and dry. If it rains during the colder season, rain can make things get pretty dirty; fortunately, this does not happen very often.

In the central Vietnam: the climate is also divided into two main seasons is dry and raining, the drying season is from January to August and raining season is from September to December.

Northern Vietnam: is known for 4 seasons in a year rather than just two seasons. You can choose the time to visit as well as destinations based on the feature of each season. The spring in Northern Vietnam is warm, it can be a little chilly and sometimes there is drizzle. In the summer, the weather is hot and humid. The autumn is cool and is the most comfortable season in the year. In the winter, the weather is cold and dry. If it rains during the colder season, rain can make things get pretty dirty; fortunately, this does not happen very often.

Vietnam weather, how weather in Vietnam

The weather in the northern Vietnam is very cold in the winter but cool in the summer

But if you come to the mountains in the north, you should prepare the psychology and spirit to deal with the relatively cold winter with low temperatures of 0° C or lower. Even, there is occasional snowfall in Sapa, a famous tourist attraction.

The best time to visit Vietnam

You can come to Vietnam at any time of the year in each time, Vietnam has a typical charm. However, you should study thoroughly the weather characteristics of the places you would like to visit in order to have for a perfect trip.

For example, the most appropriate time to travel to Sapa is from March to May or from September to November of the year. At this time, the weather in Sapa is relatively mild, it is sunny during the day and cold at night. Especially, if you come to Sapa from April to May, you will admire the gorgeous flower valley and the green fields.

Meanwhile, the period from July to September is the perfect answer to the question of when to travel to Nha Trang. Tourists can enjoy swimming all day without boring or visiting many beautiful places in the city.

Cambodia weather

Cambodia has a tropical monsoon climate. The average temperature is about 26.7 degrees. Cambodia has the tropical rainy season: the southwest wind from the Gulf of Thailand / Indian Ocean moves inland towards the northeast bringing moisture and forming rain from May to October, in which the largest rainfall is in around September, October; Northeast wind blow towards the southwest to the sea during the dry season from November to March, with little rain period in January, February.

The best time to visit Cambodia

As a country located in South East Asia, the appropriate time to travel to Cambodia is from November to February of the next year, when the weather is mild, not too hot and it does not rain very much.

The April annually is the New Year’s Day of Khmer people, so there are many festivals in this season. If you come here in April, you will have the opportunity to participate in the traditional Tet holiday in Cambodia with the extremely exciting Bom Chaul Chnam Water Festival held on 13th to 15th, April each year. In the middle of November every year, there is a water procession festival and boat racing that are very majestic and attractive.

In particular, you should avoid traveling to Cambodia in July, August because this is the time when the flood occurs in some areas in Cambodia, which makes people difficult to travel here.

Myanmar weather

Myanmar has three seasons. The autumn lasts from October to February of the next year. The rainy season is from July to September. In the rainy season, it rains all day and night in Yangon, but in Bagan and Mandalay, there is very little rain.

sightseeing must see in Myanmar

You should visit Myanmar in the autumn that is lasted from October to February

From November to February, a large number of tourists to Myanmar very for this time, there is the little rain, the climate is comfortable. In contrast, there are few tourists to Myanmar in May, July, September. The tourist season is the time with a lot of visitors, the prices are more expensive, if you want to save money, you should come here in other time.

The best time to visit Myanmar

In the three seasons (autumn, dry season, rainy season) of Myanmar, you should visit  Myanmar from November and February of the next year. This is the autumn season in Myanmar, so it has the mild climate, cool weather and it will bring comfort to the tourists coming here.

In the rainy season, from June to October, there is a lot of rain in Yangon, the capital of Myanmar, it usually rains day and night. Therefore, if you choose to take a trip to Myanmar in this time, there is no chance of visiting the famous tourist attractions. However, in Bangan and Mandalay of Myanmar, there is less rain during this period, you can go to Myanmar if you want to visit these two cities.

Laos weather

The climate Laos is quite similar to it is in Vietnam. The weather varies in regions quite markedly. The average temperature is around 24 to 33 degrees Celsius. Northern Laos (including Luang Prabang ancient capital) has four season, which is like in northern Vietnam. Central and southern Laos have similar climates to Central and Central Highlands of Vietnam, but it is more extreme in the summer (hotter, drier) and there are heavy rainfalls in the rainy season.

The best time to visit Laos

The dry season in Laos lasts from December to April next year, the rainy season is from May to November. The dry season has the temperature of 15- 30 degrees Celsius, the weather is cool and pleasant, so it is the best time for a trip to Laos. Many people who traveled to Laos recommend that you should go to Laos in April because it is the time of the traditional Bunpimay water festival that takes place on April 13-15 and is the most vibrant in Vang Vieng and Luang Prabang.

If you do not come to Laos in the dry season, you can choose any time because the weather is not too harsh; however, you need to follow the schedule accordingly. Also, you should study the weather conditions in your destinations to prepare luggage and clothes suitably.

Thailand weather

Thailand has a tropical monsoon climate and four distinct seasons. The dry season lasts from January to February, the hot season is from March to May, the rainy season is from June to October, and the cool season is from November to December. It rains most (90%) in the rainy season. The average temperature of Thailand is higher than that of Vietnam, normally, the temperature ranges from 32 degrees Celsius in December and up to 35 degrees Celsius in April every year.

The best time to visit Thailand

The best time to travel to Thailand is from November to February, because, during these months, there is almost no rain and the weather is not too hot. This is also the time of many special festival activities. If you are interested in exploring and attending the festivals in Thailand, you should come to Thailand in April to enjoy yourself in the bustling atmosphere of the Songkran Festival, the largest festival of the year held on 13-15 April to welcome the new year.

The peak season of Thai tourism usually takes place from November to the end of March, July, and August. If you do not like the crowded and want to enjoy the quiet space in Thailand or rent a room with cheap price, you should travel in the months where there are not many visitors, for example, April, May, June, September, October.

3. Clothes and Footwear should wear 

Although Southeast Asia is a small area, but the climate in the Southeast Asian countries is extremely diverse and plentiful. At each different time, the weather will be different. Even, in the same period, the day is very hot, but at night, it can get cold. Therefore, when traveling to these countries, you need to prepare different types of costumes, luckily, clothing sold in Southeast Asian countries is rich in design, style and quite cheap, so if you do not want to carry a heavy backpack, you can buy them right along the tourist route.

You need to pay attention to your own way of dressing, as well as when entering a temple, you should wear the long enough clothes and leave your shoes outside the doors. Make sure you do not cause any offensive behavior to the locals, even to local laws.

what wear when visit temple

You should wear the long enough clothes when entering a temple in the Southeast Asia

Generally, you need to prepare clothes which are suitable for the weather conditions and regulations of each region as well as your purpose. If you want to explore the forests or climbing, you should prepare the sneakers and thin coats to wrap around the waist while climbing.

4. Flights & Luggage

Flights

Today, moving by airplane is more common and much more comfortable. You do not need to spend a large sum of money to buy air tickets thanks to the availability of the low-cost airlines, whose quality is also very good.
Currently, most of the major cheap airlines offer nonstop flights to Southeast Asia, mainly in Vietnam, Singapore, Thailand, and Malaysia. Generally, the flights to Southeast Asian countries take passengers about 1 to 2 hours to reach destinations.

Vietnam flights

In Vietnam, there are now so many different airlines with many different names, but we can divide them into two main groups including domestic airlines and international airlines.

Vietnam Airlines is the national airline as well as the most reputable and high- quality airline in Vietnam with routes covering the inland city of the country and thousands of international routes to Asia, Europe, the Americas. This biggest airline of Vietnam not only offers safe flights and high- quality service to customers but also regularly launches discount promotions on special occasions.

Vietnam Airline ticket

Vietnam Airline is one of the best airlines in the world

Domestic airlines are those which exploit domestic flight routes in Vietnam transporting passengers from an airport to other airports in the interior of Vietnam. Some popular famous domestic airlines in Vietnam include Vietnam Airlines, Jet star Pacific, VietJetAir. Compared to all airlines at home and abroad, Jetstar Pacific airline has been identified as the cheapest airline in Vietnam today. Compared to the average price, the Jetstar Pacific always offers tickets at competitive prices and are always the cheapest airfares.

The weight of each these airlines is depended on the ticket class which you purchase, for example with Vietnam Airline is with the economy ticket class is it is still allowed to bring 7kg for hand luggage and 25kg for consigning. With Jet star Pacific, VietJetAir (the cheap airlines) is normally just allowed 7kg totally.

Cambodia flights

In Cambodia, you can refer to the airlines such as Apsara International Air, Bassaka Air, Cambodia Angkor Air, Cambodia Bayon Airlines, JC International Airlines, Sky Angkor Airlines.

Cambodia Angkor Air (ICAO: KHV – IATA: K6) is the national airline of Cambodia, the headquarter is located in Phnom Penh with three transit points in Phnom Penh International Airport, Siem Reap International Airport in Cambodia and Tan Son Nhat International Airport in Ho Chi Minh city, Vietnam.

Cambodia Angkor Air is still the airline which has the largest network of destinations with flights to Guangzhou, Shanghai – China; Vientiane – Laos; Bangkok – Thailand; Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City – Vietnam, along with charter flights to Singapore and some other Chinese cities such as Tianjin, Xiamen, Hangzhou, …

If you want to move to different cities of Cambodia, you can travel by bus and coach. And if you want to travel within the city, you can go by bicycle, or tuk-tuk (a popular mean of transport in Cambodia), vehicle rental prices here are relatively cheap, at around 6 USD/ day.

Myanmar flights

Currently, Myanmar Airways and Myanmar Airways International are two main airlines in Myanmar. The domestic and international airports in Myanmar exploit daily flights. Passengers can choose the flight that suits at one of the important airports in Myanmar such as:

Myanmar Airway, sightseeing must see in Myanmar

Myanmar Airway

The international airport is included:

  • Yangon Airport
  • Mandalay Airport.

And, the internal airport is included:

  • Myitkyina Airport
  • Thandwe Airport
  • Putao Airport
  • Heho Airport

To travel within Myanmar, you should buy tickets of the cheap- price airlines. Mandalay Airline has small planes, so it is often hot in the plane, but flight attendants are pretty good. The flights in Myanmar are mostly short time flights, so you do not need to choose luxury airlines. Airport charges for each flight are 1000 kyat/ flight (Kyat is Myanmar’s currency). You can book the tickets online on the website of the Airline, then go to the ticket office in Yangon to pay and get the tickets.

Laos flights

Lao Airlines, an airline of Laos, is headquartered at Wattay International Airport, Vientiane. Today, Lao Airlines network has expensed to six international destinations and six locations in Lao People’s Democratic Republic. The new routes are planned to exploit in the future, including in the economic sector in Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar and Vietnam, China as well as Hong Kong and Singapore.

Thailand flights

Four airlines offering many domestic flights in Thailand include Thai Airways, Bangkok Airways, Nok Air and Air Asia. You can use your credit card to book tickets directly on the website.

Thai Airways, sightseeing must see in Vietnam

Thai Airways

Thailand, along with Singapore and Kuala Lumpur, is the leading transshipment point in Southeast Asia. There are many airlines that fly to Bangkok as well as many roads into Thailand from Laos, Cambodia, Malaysia.

If you book early, you can find cheap tickets provided by Air Asia, Jetstar and Qatar Airways. Qatar is named the 5-star airline with very good quality of service, while Turkish Airlines has long been a leading airline in the world in terms of the number of aircraft and flights.

Traveling by plane is the easiest way to move between popular destinations in Thailand. Most flights are via Bangkok (Don Muang Airport). Very few flights directly connect destinations with each other (e.g. Chiang Mai – Phuket) without going through Bangkok.

Luggage

When travelling by plane, passengers of Business Class are allowed to carry 2 pieces of hand luggage, passengers of Economy class are allowed to carry 1 piece of hand luggage, each carry-on luggage weight must not exceed 7 Kg and the dimensions must not exceed 115 cm (56 x 36 x 23 cm, or 22 × 14 × 9 inches) respectively.

In addition to the free luggage provided above, each passenger may carry on board a number of other items for personal use with the condition that passengers must arrange and preserve by themselves, for example: a jacket, blanket or scarf, an umbrella or a walking stick (except for sticks umbrella with metal shavings), a laptop, a small camera or a binoculars…

Check-in luggage must not exceed 30kg/ Business class passenger and 20kg for an Economy class passenger. If you carry baggage that exceeds the above weight, you will be charged a fee depending on where you depart and your destination. If you move between countries of Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia, Burma, Thailand, the cost will be about $ 5 per kg.

5. Currency

Myanmar currency

Kyat (MMK) is the currency unit of Myanmar (Burma). But, when traveling to Myanmar, you should bring dollar (USD) because it is fine for you to use USD anywhere for all services in Myanmar. Once at the airport, you can exchange a little local money to use in simple service. However, the exchange rate at the airport or at the state-owned banks is not good, the price is usually lower than that in the market. Therefore, you can use change dollars before exchanging Kyats money in Myanmar. The exchange rate in the market is 1 USD = 1,000 Kyats.

Myanmar currency, sightseeing must see in Myanmar

Kyat (MMK) is the currency unit of Myanmar

The money changers are available everywhere. If you visit Yangon or the new capital of Naypyitaw, currency exchange will not be the big problem for tourists. However, if you are familiar with the credit card, you need to look for the big exchange centers or banks. The reason is that, in Myanmar, ATM stations are rare, types of card payment in restaurants, supermarkets are not very undeveloped. The best solution for you is to bring cash.

Remember to not to exchange money on the street, with the currency exchange brokers, initially they will offer a high exchange rate, but they later take the stealthy rake off the money, so that a wad of money may lack 5 to 7 sheets. While you are counting your cash, they always try to distract you, and also many other reasons which make you suffer a loss.

Thailand currency

The currency unit of Thailand is Thai Baht (THB). Thailand issues both banknotes and coins, coins are useful in the country of Golden Temples.

Thailand currency, sightseeing must see in Thailand, where exchange Thai Baht

The currency unit of Thailand is Thai Baht (THB)

Thai banknote has the highest par value of 1,000 baht and lowest of 20 baht, while the coins are valued at 10 baht or lower. All commercial centers, hotels, restaurants in Thailand accept the payment by credit cards, which you can use in case you do not exchange money. However, when you use your card, you will have to pay a significantly incurred surcharge for foreign currency exchange.

Cambodia currency

Riel (KHR) and US dollar (USD) are the two the currencies which are officially and commonly used in Cambodia. However, Riel money is only for transactions of less than $ 5 when paying the expenses such as taxi fare, snacks or for beggars… Meanwhile, US dollar is common, prices in the majority of hotels, restaurants and shopping malls are listed in US dollars, Riel money is used very little.

Cambodia currency

Riel (KHR) is the currency unit of Cambodia

When traveling by road, you will stop to carry out the immigration procedure at the Bavet border, at that time, you’ll see many people offering exchange money service here. When you exchange money into Riel, you should not exchange too much because the exchange rate in the border areas is not high; instead, you should exchange a few to buy drinks, snacks or buy SIM card, it’s best to exchange Riel money in the banks in major cities.

In big cities in Cambodia like the capital of Phnom Penh, Siem Riep city, there are many places for you to exchange money such as banks, jewelry shops, or foreign currencies trading counters. Depending on each place, the exchange rate is different, if the bank provides a high and reputable level of the exchange rate, the currency exchange rate in jewelry shops or stalls takes place easily and quickly, but the rate is not too low compared to that in the banks.

Laos currency

In Laos, you can use the dollar or Kip (LAK) is the currency in Laos, but to limit the unnecessarily incurred problems when traveling to rural areas of Laos and buying food to eat, should exchange for the kip in the border gate.
Lao Kip has different values of 500, 1,000, 2,000, 5,000, 10,000, 20,000, 50,000 and 100,000.

Laos currency, sightseeing must see in Laos

Kip (LAK) is the currency unit of Laos

The currency exchange is not difficult. You can exchange at the border gate, at the airport in the branches of an agricultural bank if the exchange rate in the market is high.

Vietnam

The currency unit of Vietnam is Vietnam Dong (VND), the values (most popular today) consist of VND 500, 1,000, 2,000, 5,000d, 10,000, 20,000, 50,000d, 100,000, 200,000 and 500000d. There are two kinds of money; polymer money values from 10000d or higher and money made from cotton (banknotes) is for values under 10,000 (change). You should be careful with the polymer banknotes, partly because it has smooth slippery plain, so it is easy to fall out, and also because of several par values, for example, 20,000 VND and 500, 000 VND, have quite the same color, so people are sometimes confused.

Vietnam currency, sightseeing must see in Vietnam

Vietnam Dong is the currency of Vietnam

Several restaurants and business centers in Vietnam accept US dollars or international payment cards. However, you should exchange for Vietnamese currency for ease of use. You can exchange money at the airport, in the banks or some Jewelry shops.

6. Phones

Whether you travel at home or abroad, the phone is always a useful tool. With a phone, you to contact the guide or leader when necessary or contact family members to report health situation, the journey… However, how to use the phone effectively and economically is something that many people concern.
If you want to call a relative traveling in Southeast Asian countries like Laos, Thailand … you can call in two ways:
Way 1: Press 00 + country code + phone number
Way 2: Number of savings services (171,177 or 178 in Vietnam) + 00 + country code + phone number
Followings are the telephone code of some countries: Cambodia (855), Laos (856), Myanmar (95), Thailand (66), Vietnam (84)

Myanmar phones

Telecommunication in is not very developed, so telephone and the internet are luxury items in this country. You can buy a GMS SIM card for $ 25-30 / card at the hotel or at the mall. You must show your passport when purchasing a SIM card.

Thailand phones

When you arrive at the airport in Thailand, you will find many shops and kiosks selling SIM cards of the three largest network providers including AIS, dtac and TrueMove H in Thailand. You can choose a SIM package that you want (micro, nano …) and ask staff to help you activate the SIM card. They speak English very well, so you will be instructed clearly and quickly. Within 2 – 5 minutes, you will have a 4G SIM in the phone.

In addition, you can also buy Thailand SIM card (with 100Bath) from a tour guide. SIM cards in Thailand will automatically activate, so you do not have to call the network provider to activate. You need to buy an extra card of 100 Bath to make phone calls.

Cambodia phones

At the border gate, there will be people who invite customers to buy phone SIM card from Metfone provider (Vietnam). The price is $ 3, and you will have $ 3.8 in your phone account. You should buy right at the border gate because this SIM has been activated and the seller will also give you a piece of paper with instructions on how to set up the phone and make phone calls. If you buy in the stores selling SIM in Cambodia, the seller may not speak English, so you will get more difficult. After buying the SIM card, you should buy a smart card to register for 3G network in 2 weeks, or 1 month for a long trip.

Laos phones

Phone in Laos is quite cheap, visitors can easily buy a prepaid Sim Card at the airport or supermarket to use. The country code for Laos is “856”, the area code for some areas in Laos are Luang Prabang: 71; Pakse: 31; Pakxan: 54; Svannaakhet: 41; Thakhek: 51; Vientiane Capital: 21.
To avoid the case of not knowing how to activate the SIM, charge money into the account, visitors should buy SIM at the border gate in your country and ask the seller to activate, charge money, in Laos, some people will ask you to give them some money you ask them for help.

Vietnam phones

Phone SIM card is sold very widely everywhere in Vietnam. You can buy a SIM card at the airport, at the phone stores along the way. You should buy in large stores because the price will be cheaper and the SIM are guaranteed. There are two types of SIM including prepaid and postpaid, prepaid SIM type is the best suited to foreign tourists. Some SIM cards already have some money in your account, you can use them immediately, in case you need to make many phone calls, you should add money to your account. The country code for Vietnam is +84. The area code of some big cities in Vietnam such as Hanoi: 04, Hochiminh city: 08, Hue: 054, Danang: 0511…

7. Hotels’ standard in the Southeast Asia

Each country has different criteria to classify the hotels. The only thing in common is that a travel agency or government agency of the country will rank hotels one to five stars. Basically, in order to be rated, the hotel needs to meet the standards of location, service, amenities, cleanliness and price. And, also the same as the standard of a hotel is rated in Eastern Europe, Western or anywhere in the world is the standard of a hotel in the area of Southeast Asia is it is also observed the below standards, so you also do not worry about any hotel where you decide to stay for your trip in the region of Southeast Asia if it was rated (followed) base on three classes as hereunder:

3-star hotel

Three-star hotels must have various room types to choose from. The hotel also has a restaurant, gym, conference room and shopping mall. In fact, a 3-star hotel must meet the needs of guests at all times of the day.

4-star hotel

The quality of service in a 4-star hotel needs to be met in every department, especially with the service staff. The hotel offers a variety of rooms and rooms must be always available. The hotel needs to have a pool, gym, a restaurant, and bar area. Room service must be available 24 hours a day, the room must have an in-room refrigerator serving food and beverages. Wifi is provided in all rooms and the bathrooms also have to be equipped with high-end amenities.

5-star hotel

A five-star hotel means that the facilities and quality of service and employees must be at a superior level. Cleanliness is assessed with very high standards. In addition to the requirements of a 4-star hotel, the 5-star hotel must have a spa, parking area, personal butler service, 24/7 room service and attentive afternoon tea. The special feature of the 5-star hotel is that the long-stay room needs at least 3 separate rooms, including a bedroom, a living room, and a bathroom, and must be available for tenants.

8. Language

Along with tradition, customs, cuisine, language is the key to the cultural identity of each country. It has been said that language and letters are the crystallization of national culture, and in the future, the culture will also base on language to develop. Therefore, it will be very interesting if you learn a bit about the language used in the country that you are planning to visit, including the countries in Southeast Asia.

Thailand language

The national language of Thailand, the language spoken in all schools is Thai dialect of the Central Thailand Plains. It is also known as Thai or Thai Bangkok language as the call of the rural people. Although almost all people in the country are more or less familiar with the dialect, many Thai people, even those of Thai majority, speak different dialects.

Lao and Thai languages are closely related. Thai and Laotian people can understand each other, but Lao and Thai languages are different. 20 million people (1/3 of Thailand’s population) in northeastern Thailand speak Lao as their mother tongue while they are fluent in Thai through education. However, due to political reasons, the Thai government changed the name of the language to Isan and even considered it a dialect of Thai. In addition, Northern Thai language is spoken by 6 million people in the northernmost provinces of the country and South Thai languages are spoken by 5 million in the southernmost provinces. Also for political reasons, the Thai government only regards it as the “dialect” of Thai rather than the individual languages.

There are also other languages (dialects) of Môn Khơm, Yawi, Meo, Dao, Karen, Akha, Lahu, Lisu ….

But basically, almost people at tourist places in Thailand can speak English, so you are also not worried if you can not speak Thai languages during your time stay in Thailand.

Laos language

Lao (original name: ພາສາລາວ; pronounced as phasa lao) is the official language of Laos. This is a Tai-Kadai language and influenced by Sanskrit. Lao is also the traditional language of the Lao royal family conveying Hindu and Buddhist thought.

Laotian language influences, more or less, other regional languages, such as Thai, Khmer, and Vietnamese languages. Lao languages are considered a mixed language in the Southeast Asian peninsula.

Lao has the same tone and pronunciation as Thai, the similarity is more than 80%. Therefore, Lao and Thai people can understand each other when talking to each other. In Northeast Thailand, local people can easily talk to Lao people.

Unlike as Thailand, Laos people speak English not as good as like Thai people, but you are still easy to contact with the locals in Laos through translating of your tour guide or at the almost tourist place, shops, restaurants…the locals at here still can speak English well.

Cambodia language

Khmer is the main language of the Cambodian kingdom with 90% of the population using this language in daily communication. In addition, English is the second language used in schools and universities.

The script of the Khmer language is also unique, in addition, the Cambodian spoken language borrows words from India language and is heavily influenced by Indian culture. During the French colonial period, Indochinese was forced to use Latin, but the Cambodian people constantly fought to protect the Cambodian language, this indicates that the language is the essence of the culture, and is the pride of Cambodian people. Lao languages express vitality, intelligence, creativity and determination, the love of the culture of the people of Cambodia.

The use of other languages such as English is a way for Cambodian people to integrate into the outside world as well as to attract foreign investors, but above all, the main language of the country of temples, Khmer, is still preserved.

Myanmar language

Burmese or Myanmar language is the official language in Myanmar. This is the mother tongue of the Burmese. The Burmese language is used as the mother tongue of the 32 million people in the world and is the second language of the ethnic minorities in Myanmar.

The Burmese language can be classified into two types: the “Ordinary” type is commonly found in text, newspapers. and a radio and the second type is often found in everyday conversation. The Burmese script is derived from the writing of the Mon language.

Burmese people at the tourist destinations are also possible to speak well, almost of drivers can speak English (not so well but enough for the tourists understand what they want to talk). Especially, all locals whose work at markets, shops, restaurants, entertainment places can contact (talk) with the tourists basically by English.

Vietnam language

Vietnamese, also known as Viet language, is the language of Viet (or Kinh) minority and the official language of Vietnam. This is the mother tongue of about 85% of the Vietnam population along with more than four million Vietnamese living abroad. Vietnamese is also the second language of ethnic minorities in Vietnam. Although Vietnamese has a number of borrowed words from the Chinese language and was originally written in Chinese, it was later converted into Nôm script, and Vietnamese was considered one of the languages which have the largest number of people speaking (more than the total of some other languages) of the South Asian language family. Today, Vietnamese use the Latin alphabet, called Quoc Ngu, and the bar marks to write.

In addition, Vietnam has more than 50 ethnic groups living together, each group has its own language that creates linguistic diversity in Vietnam. However, Vietnamese is the most widely used language.

Today, along with the trend of globalization and the development of society, English is increasingly popular. As a result, you may not need to learn the language of each country while traveling, instead, you can use the global language – English.

English is used all over the world. Therefore, you will probably use English to communicate in many situations such as at airports, hotels and famous tourist destinations.

Knowing English can help you in an emergency. For example, if you get lost from a tourist group, you lose a friend, or you have any difficulty traveling, you need English to ask others for help.

The major sightseeing & the best routes, time, total days to travel around Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia, Thailand, Myanmar:

9. Sightseeing must see in Vietnam

Hoan Kiem (Sword Lake), Hanoi Old Quarter (the old town of Hanoi)

Hoan Kiem Lake (Guom/ Sword Lake) – the heart of Hanoi capital- is the place where anyone who comes to Hanoi should visit. Located in the center of Hanoi, Guom lake is like a beautiful painting. In addition to ancient architectures such as Tortoise Tower, The Huc Bridge, Ngoc Son Temple… Guom lake is not only a favorite destination but also a place of attachment, love, and pride of Hanoians.

Hoan Kiem Lake Hanoi

Hoan Kiem Lake is the heart of Hanoi

Speaking of Hanoi, everyone knows the 36 streets of Hanoi with busy streets: Hang Bai, Hang Dao, Hang Ngang, Hang Ma … Each street is a place to keep historical memories of the capital, as well as preserve memories of the lives of people who have lived, worked and built the country. Over the years, the old town of Hanoi has not been as intact as before, but this is still the premier sightseeing destination when people come to the capital of the country to visit the remains of an old Hanoi.

To understand more about the Old Quarter and Hanoi, you can not ignore Dong Xuan Market. Built in 1889, Dong Xuan is the oldest market in Hanoi. Dong Xuan has a wide range of commodities, but the majority is clothes, clothing. Coming here, you will witness the bustling, busy trading scene.

Halong Bay

Halong Bay covers an area of about 1,553 square kilometers, including 1,969 islands, the majority of the islands are limestone islands, of which the core of Bay has an area of 334 square kilometers with 775 dense large and islands. The bay has a unique landscape, rich cave system. The beauty of Ha Long is made up of three elements: stone, water, and sky. The system of stone islands in Ha Long is various in shape. The lines, motifs, colors of the mountains, islands blended with the sea create a watercolor picture.

Halong Bay Vietnam

Halong Bay Vietnam

In Ha Long Bay, it seems that every island, cave, and beach is associated with a legendary story about love, the situation, and victory in the struggles to protect the country… so it makes visitors feel that the are living in the myth.

On December 17, 1994, in the 18th session of the UNESCO World Heritage Council held in Thailand, Ha Long Bay was officially recognized as a World Natural Heritage, confirmed with the global value of Ha Long Bay. Once again, Ha Long Bay was again honored as a World Natural Heritage by the UNESCO for its Geological and Geomorphological values.

Sapa – Lao Cai

Located in the northwestern part of the country, Sapa contains many wonders of nature, people. The town in the clouds attracts visitors with magnificent mountain views and many unique experiences exploring the lives of ethnic minorities.

Perhaps one of the most enjoyable activities in a trip to Sapa is walking, sometimes you will walk tens of kilometers through the villages. It is a feature of Sapa tourism, and also one of the longest walking tours in the world. Visiting the villages of Ta Phin, Ta Van, Cat Cat…, you can not only go through suspended bridges, streams, terraced rice fields, learn about the daily life of ethnic minorities… but also can stay with minority families (homestay)

Sapa tour

Lao Chai village in Sapa

If you have opportunities to go to Sapa in September and October, when is late autumn in the north, you will never forget the moment when you see the hillsides, the vast rice terraces filled with ripe rice with stunning yellow like the carpets are woven from rice. Taking a deep breath of fresh air in Sapa’s cool air with the aroma of ripe rice will bring you incredibly cool feeling.

Sapa terraces are characteristic of cultivating the culture of Sapa people in particular and people in mountainous areas of our country in general. The beauty of the terraces here is made up of the fondness of nature and human hands, and the cultivation on the sprawling hills making the hillside lively and atrractive.

Tran An Scenic Complex – Ninh Binh

Tran An scenery is considered as Ha Long Bay on land of Vietnam because of the majestic beauty that nature offers and the culture of a bold identity of the local community.

The complex of Tran An scenic spots is a place of cultural and natural tourism in Ninth Bind. Here, on every occasion the ripe rice season, the fields at the foot of the mountain are littered with a bright yellow color, surrounded by green patches of leaves creating a poetic scene.

Trang An Vietnam

Tran An scenery is considered as Ha Long Bay on land of Vietnam

Tran An has significantly global values in terms of culture and is a unique example of the common relation between culture and the environment, people and land, a unique chronological recording of land-use traditions and human interaction with the environment in front of the irreversible changes with well-preserved and scientifically proved evidence. All show an impressive cultural-chronological order that spans at least 30,000 years.

Bai Dinh Pagoda, located in the Tran An Scenic Complex, about 15 km from Ninth Bind City, in the west of the historical relic of Hoa Lu ancient capital, is the largest temple in Vietnam, which is known for many records such as: The temple owning the biggest bronze statue in Southeast Asia, the temple having the largest bronze bell in Southeast Asia, the temple with the corridor having the most Buddha statues …

Hoa Lu – Tam Coc in Ninh Binh

Ninh Binh is known as a land with many historical sites, beautiful landscapes and the small corners in the countryside of the three feudal dynasties of Vietnam hiding beautiful peaceful scenery.

Hoa Lu Ancient Capital

In addition to the strong development in urban areas, Ninh Binh still owns the villages with rustic beauty. There is the peace, simplicity of local residents. Featuring the characteristics of the village of Northern Vietnam with the image of mossy tiled roof houses, green bamboo and the village gate that has been familiar with each Vietnamese, Hoa Lu makes tourists feel that they can come back to the roots with memories of childhood.

Ninh Binh Vietnam

Thai Vi Temple in Hoa Lu, Ninh Binh

More than 1,000 years ago, in 968, after pacifying 12 warlords, Dinh Bo Linh ascended the throne, took the name of Dinh Tien Hoang, named the country Dai Co Viet, chose Hoa Lu as the capital. The reason why King Dinh Tien Hoang chose Hoa Lu to be the capital is that this place had extremely dangerous terrain with the massive mountains and covered by the system of citadel walls, so that it was a good place for military defense. Therefore, Hoa Lu is also called ” the capital of stone “.

Over a period of more than 10 centuries, the ancient capital of Hoa Lu is almost destroyed, ruined. At present, Hoa Lu relic complex has nearly 30 relics, of which, 2 typical relics are King Dinh temple and King Le temple. Around the area, there are also a number of communal houses, ancient temples of thousands of years old, which are also part of the architecture of the main palace.

Tam Coc- Bich Dong

Tam Coc – Bich Dong is a famous landscape in Ninh Hai commune, Hoa Lu district. This place is also known as “Halong Bay on land” and is the second most beautiful cave in Vietnam. This tourist area is covered a natural area of about 350 hectares, located 2 km from National Highway 1A, 7 km from Ninh Binh city center and 9 km from Tam Diep town.

Tam Coc in Ninh Binh

Tam Coc is also known as “Halong Bay on land”

If you have only one day, first of all, visitors should visit Bich Dong Pagoda to be able to see the panoramic view from above. In addition to enjoying the fresh air of the pagoda in the early morning, visitors can also visit the landscape and architecture of “Nam Thien De Nhi Dong”. Bich Dong Pagoda was built in the style of Tam Han (three Chinese scripts), three non-contiguous buildings with three levels along the mountain slope, leaning  on the mountain from the bottom up to form three separate pagodas of Ha, Trung and Thuong (Lower, Middle and Upper) temples.

If you want to take a firsthand look at the golden color of the ripe rice fields, you should visit Tam Coc – Bich Dong, Ninh Binh from late May to early June annually. At that time, the images of green rice fields mixed with ripe rice fields will create a picture with beautiful colors. After the New Year is the time you can admire the green fields rising up to “greet” the spring breeze.

Hue

Hue is the only capital city in Vietnam which preserves the whole integrity of imperial architecture, with the system of citadel, palace, shrine, temple, mausoleum. Hue cultural heritage is the artistic masterpiece of the working people through the generations and the pinnacle of the talents of the most skillful craftsmen of the time.

The Imperial City

Hue City is a model of harmonious combination of human factors, architecture and natural landscape, is the typical type of the landscape architecture – a type of architecture full of national identity and rich humanity. Hue’s great attraction is that over its historical transformation, Hue still preserves the portrait of a capital, preserve the “masterpiece of urban architectural poetry” with hundreds of sophisticated, beautiful, rich works of art which are diverse in landscape, carry traditional national identity blended with the wonderful landscape of nature and have special values in history and culture.

Hue Imperial City

Hue Imperial City

That is the main component constituting the particularity of Hue, is the basis for Hue to become the center of cultural tourism of the country. This is obviously a cultural strength and is becoming a strength in the economic structure of Thua Thien Hue province on the basis of exploiting and promoting the value of the monument system reasonably.

Culture of Hue

Apart from the treasures of rich and valuable material cultural heritage with global significance, Hue is also a place of rich spiritual cultural heritage, of unique beautiful Phu Xuan culture, of the famous “beautiful and poetic Hue”. The cultural and spiritual heritage of Hue include folklore and royal culture. Hue’s imperial culture with roots from the Ly dynasty, through the dynasties of Tran and Le, spread and merged with the cultural traditions of the central and southern regions of the country was started in Lord Nguyen reigns and developed to the peak and completed under the Nguyen dynasty; and nowadays, they create intangible cultural values which are acceptable to all humanity.

Thien Mu Pagoda

Located on the left bank of the Perfume River, in the romantic Ha Khe hill, covered by green trees with cool wind of four seasons, 5 km from Hue city center to the west, Thien Mu pagoda is located in the middle of the charming scenery,  and used to be the source of inspiration for many art works. As a temple associated with the monuments and landscapes of the ancient capital of Hue, Thien Mu Pagoda is famous and attracts visitors from every where with not only the legendary mysterious stories, but also an ancient beauty in addition to the poetic peace.

Thien Mu Pagoda Hue

Thien Mu pagoda is located in the middle of the charming scenery

Thien Mu Pagoda was built in 1601, later was rebuilt to a larger scale, and in 1710, Lord Quoc – Nguyen Phuc Chu (1691-1725) ordered to cast Dai Hong Chung. In 1714, Pagoda was restored with great size. From that time, Thien Mu Pagoda not only has become the most beautiful temple in the capital, but also the place associated with many historical events and is most mentioned and visited nowadays.

Da Nang city

Danang is truly becoming an attractive tourist destination in Vietnam. Visitors will have the opportunity to adore the impressive and attractive tourist sites of this beautiful coastal city. The strongest impression about Da Nang tourism is friendly people, clean and beautiful coastline, strange and delicious food.

how to travel to My Khe beach in Danang

My Khe beach in Danang is considered as one of the most beautiful beaches in the world

Da Nang coastal line stretches nearly 60km from the foot of Hai Van Pass to Non Nuoc, and possesses unique beauty with many beautiful beaches of pristine white sand, the blue water attracting many visitors. Famous beaches here are My Khe beach, Nam O beach, Non Nuoc beach…

In addition, the great places that you should not miss in Da Nang include Ngu Hanh Son (five mountains symbolizing five basic elements of metal, wood, water, fire, earth), Son Tra Peninsula, Dragon Bridge….

Hoi An Old town (the old town of Hoi An) – Quang Nam

As a highlight destination in the central tourist line, Hoi An old town is a rustic, simple and poetic painting. Whether it is during the day or at night, a trip to Hoi An still has its own charms.

The old town of Hoi An Vietnam

Hoi An old town is a rustic, simple and poetic painting

In addition to cultural values through diverse architecture, Hoi An still preserves a large non-material cultural basis. The daily life of residents with customs, religious activities, folk arts, cultural festivals and romantic natural scenery, specialties… make Hoi An increasingly attractive and urge visitors to come here and have the unforgettable experience.

Come to Hoi An is immersed in traditional cultural space with ancient villages such as Kim Bong carpentry village, Thanh Ha pottery village, Phuoc Kieu bronze cast village… Hoi An old town shows visitors traditional architectural style and Relics such as Phuc Kien (Fujian) Club- house, Bridge Pagoda, Quan Cong Temple or Ong Pagoda and an ancestral temple of Tran Family…

Ho Chi Minh City (Saigon)

Ho Chi Minh City (Saigon) is the largest economic, political and cultural center in South Vietnam. Saigon – Ho Chi Minh City is also a major tourist center with historical monuments and museums marking the wars against France and the United States. Typically, there is a system of 11 museums, in which, the most famous is the War Remnants Museum. In addition, colonial-era buildings also satisfy travelers to Saigon, they are Ho Chi Minh City Hall, the Opera House, Central Post Office, Ben Thanh Market, Ben Thanh Market and Doc Lap (Independence) Palace. Recently, new projects such as Diamond Plaza, Bitexco Financial Tower, Saigon Trade Center also beautify the city center. On the outskirts of the city, there are also attractions such as Cu Chi Tunnels, Can Gio Mangroves and Thu Duc Stork Garden.

Saigon Central Post Office

Saigon Central Post Office, one of the typical buildings in Ho Chi Minh City, is located at no. 2, Cong Xa Paris (Paris Commune) square, District 1. This is a French-built building in the design of architect Master Villedieu. The building has European-style architecture combined with Asian decor.

Ho Chi Minh City Opera House

Located at the end of Le Loi Street (District 1, HCMC), the Ho Chi Minh City Opera House was built in 1897 in neoclassical style. The Opera house has an ancient, majestic architecture with a ground floor, two upper floors, 1,800 seats and modern sound system.

Independence Palace or Reunification Palace is located on a 15ha land in the heart of the city. This is a unique architecture associated with many historical events of the country.

Notre-Dame Cathedral Basilica of Saigon

Notre-Dame Cathedral Basilica of Saigon, located in the heart of the city (No. 1 Paris Town Square), was designed by the French architect Bourad based on the simulation of Paris’s Notre Dame church and the construction started in 1877.

sightseeing must see in Saigon

Notre-Dame Cathedral Basilica of Saigon is one of the tourist sightseeing must see in your city tour in Saigon

The church is 93 m long, 35m wide and 75m high. Over nearly 140 years with many political and historical changes, Notre Dame Cathedral is still the masterpiece of urban architecture in Saigon. This is not only a place to be visited by many domestic and foreign tourists, but also the place where young Saigon people meet their friends.

A glimpse of Vietnam Resort

Một thoáng Việt Nam (A glimpse of Vietnam) is a complex of traditional handicraft villages with an area of 22.5 hectares located next to Bo Cap (Scorpion) canal in Cu Chi District. The place is like a miniature Vietnam with craft villages, life, culture, and cuisine.

My Tho – Ben Tre (Mekong River Delta)

Located at the Tien River junction of Tien Giang, My Tho is known as a characteristic land of water culture in the Southwest. This gentle, peaceful land will warm the hearts of any traveler who likes peace.

sightseeing must see in the mekong river delta of Vietnam

My Tho is known as a characteristic land of water culture in the Southwest of Vietnam

Ben Tre is a province in the Mekong Delta, this province borders the South China Sea and has a 60 km long coastline. It borders Tien Giang to the north, Vinh Long to the west and southwest, Tra Vinh to the south. Ben Tre town is 85 km from Ho Chi Minh City.

Vinh Trang Pagoda

The first tourist attraction in My Tho is Vinh Trang pagoda. Vinh Trang pagoda is located on Nguyen Trung Truc street, My An hamlet, My Phong commune, My Tho city – Tien Giang. Formerly, it was cottage built in the early nineteenth century by District Chief Bui Cong Dat. In 1849, Monk Thich Hue Dang rebuilt it into a large temple and named it Vinh Trang. Vinh Trang is considered as the largest pagoda with the most unique and oldest architecture in the South West region. The pagoda was built in the style of ancient architecture, adorned with the art of grafting pieces of porcelain of Hue artisans to create paintings with harmonious colors illustrating the folk tales of the Buddhism that many visitors interested.

Roman Catholic Diocese of Mỹ Tho

You can spend some time on your My Tho tour to visit My Tho Cathedral. My Tho Cathedral is currently the third church of the My Tho parish and the construction started on 11/8/1906 by Parish Priest Régnier in Vinh Tuong parish branch, across the Bourdais avenue (Hung Vuong Avenue nowadays). The construction finished in 1910.

Rach Gam- Xoai Mut Victory relic

To understand more about the history of the nation, Rach Gam – Xoai Mut relic will be a reasonable choice of visitors. Located in Dong hamlet, Kim Son commune (Chau Thanh district, Tien Giang province) on the banks of Tien river, about 12km west of My Tho city and near 864 provincial road, Rach Gam – Xoai Mut victory area is a commemorative plaque marking the victory in the battle against the invasion of foreign invaders of the people in Dang Trong.

Fruits and Flowers

Ben Tre has many fruits such as oranges, mandarin, durian, banana, rambutan, mangosteen, mango, banana, pineapple, green grapefruit, etc. planted mostly in Cho Lach, Giong Trom, Mo Cay and Chau Thanh districts. In addition, Cho Lach district is also home to the famous bonsai and ornamental plants. In recent times, the apple tree has been developing very strongly in some districts such as Mo Cay, Cho Lach, etc.

Phung Islet

Con Phung (Phung Islet), Tan Thach Commune, Chau Thanh District, is located on a floating islet in Tien River. Coming to Phung islet, visitors can take a motorboat along the islet to visit the factories producing coconut candy, producing souvenirs from coconut trees and coconut shells, get on the horse carriage to visit the orchard, rest in coconut leaves roof house and drink tea with honey and kumquat, enjoy the tropical fruit dishes, listen to folk songs.

Vam Ho bird sanctuary

Located in two communes of My Hoa and Tan Xuan, Ba Tri district, Vam Ho bird sanctuary is home to nearly 500,000 storks and cauldrons and other wild birds combined with the forest and abundant vegetation cover with Guava, soybeans, Siamese custard apple, water coconut, mangrove, seaweed, etc.

Visiting Vam Ho bird sanctuary, visitors can take a forest walk, swim in the mangrove forest, visit the resistance base, go through the lagging bamboo bridges, lie in the hammock swaying under the canopy, breath the fresh air of Ba Lai river.

Floating markets in the Mekong River Delta 

Rivers and drains are the typical terrains of the West, the land of thousands of rivers and estuaries interwoven as spider webs. There are rivers, canals, waterways vehicles, some people buying and selling goods, exchanging things on the water creating exciting scenes in the river, it is called floating market.

Once visiting the floating market, tourists will never forget the fun, busy atmosphere. In the West, there are many floating markets, but the most famous market are Cai Be floating market (Cai Lay district – Tien Giang province), Cai Rang, Phong Dien floating markets (Chau Thanh – Can Tho), Nga Bay floating market (Phung Hiep – Can Tho, Nga Nam floating market (Thanh Tri – Soc Tran), Song Trem floating market (Thoi Binh – Ca Mau) …

Cai Rang floating market

Cai Rang is the largest floating markets in the Mekong River Delta

In the floating markets in the West, the goods sold are mainly the products of the Southwest, but each market has its own outstanding products and specialties of their region. Cai Be Floating Market usually has fruits of the South (various in the seasons) such durian, mangosteen… Cai Rang floating market is famous for vegetables such as gourds, pumpkins, sweet potatoes, spicy vegetables, pineapples … Phung Hiep Floating Market has specialties of the West such as hamsters, turtles, snakes, pythons …

Cu Chi Tunnels

Cu Chi Tunnes are a famous revolutionary historical site in Phu My Hung Commune, Cu Chi District, about 70km from Ho Chi Minh city to the northwest. The tunnel is a wonder stretching more than 200km and tunnels are like a spider web. This system was started building in the late 1940s and was used by the People’s Liberation Armed Forces of South Vietnam to attack Saigon in Tet holiday in 1968 (Year of the Monkey)… Until now, the Cu Chi tunnel system has still remained intact as it was during the war.

Nha Trang Beach city

Nha Trang beach is attractive to many domestic and international tourists with beautiful blue beaches stretching which enchant many tourists traveling to Nha Trang. Looked from above, Nha Trang sea is as beautiful as the painting, which makes those who once come here will be difficult to forget the poetic beauty that nature has favorably granted this coastal city.

Nha Trang is not only famous for its beautiful beaches, lively and crowded city, but also for its delicious cuisine. Coming here, visitors will have chances to try dishes with the taste of the sea: fried fish soup – a very simple dish, but quite popular because of the flavor of the dish, or grilled meat rolls, the food which cannot be missed if you ever set foot in this beautiful coastal city. Apart from that, many other delicious dishes you do should not ignore when coming here include roasted beef, milk noodles, vermicelli, cakes…

Da Lat – Lam Dong

Da Lat city, Lam Dong province, has the cool climate and is the ideal vacation resort during the year. Da Lat is famous for attractions such as Valley of Love, Than Tho Lake, Hai Mo (2 tombs) Hill, Voi (Elephant) Waterfall, Xuan Huong Lake, Langbiang, Bao Dai Palace, Hang Nga Villa (Crazy House) , Truc Lam Zen Monastery Dalat, Tuyen Lam Lake and Da Lat Railway Station. This is the ideal destination for you to have relaxing moments, and to recover from tired working days.

Dalat Vietnam

Dalat is the city where supply a lot of the fruits and flowers for cities and provinces around Vietnam

Coming to Da Lat, visitors will immerse in many emotions. Perhaps because of this, there are various beautiful names that people use to call Dalat: the City of flowers, the Land of Love, the Sad City, the Dreamy City, the Land of Peach Blossom… the nature and people in Da Lat have become the inspiration of poetry, pictures, art, and the heart of people. However, only when you set foot on this land, you have the most sincere feelings.

The Nature bestows Da Lat a temperate climate, the paradise of many flowers. In which, Da Quy flower (wild sunflower), Mimosa flower or peach blossom are the most famous kinds of flower here. Nowadays, Da Lat people still keep many beautiful habits, everyone likes to grow flowers. Flowers are planted in the front porch, along with the road, or wildflowers are in all over the place creating beautiful pictures of Da Lat in tourists’ heart.

Phu Quoc island

Phu Quoc Island in Kien Giang Province is located deep in the Gulf of Thailand. This place is the ideal resort for many domestic and foreign tourists with clear blue water, peaceful streams and very poetic harmony of scenery.

Phu Quoc is also called Ngoc(Pearl) Island. With clear blue water beaches like Bai Sao and Bai Dai, Phu Quoc is truly a paradise for those who love the sea. Duong Dong Town is the most crowded residential area on Phu Quoc Island, especially the night market near Dinh Cau. In addition, Ham Ninh fishing village, Ganh Dau and An Thoi archipelago are also places where visitors should not ignore when traveling to Phu Quoc. Phu Quoc’s specialties are not only fresh seafood but also Phu Quoc pepper, which is grown along the red soil route leading to Bac Dao and Ganh Dau.

Phu Quoc island Vietnam

Phu Quoc island is very know with clear blue water, peaceful streams and very poetic harmony of scenery

With an area of approximately 600 km2, Phu Quoc and 21 other islands form the Phu Quoc island district, Kien Giang province. With tropical monsoon climate divided into two distinct seasons (dry season – from November to April next year and rainy season – from May to October), the average temperature is only about 28 degrees C, so visitors enjoy the beauty of Phu Quoc Island at any time of the year with the cool, pleasant weather.

If you are once fortunate enough to admire the charming wild beauty that this largest island of Vietnam now possesses, you will understand why Phu Quoc is always associated with the phrase “paradise Pearl island “, and you can understand why Phu Quoc tourism is always on the list of 10 most attractive destinations that international travelers choose when they have the opportunity to set foot on our beautiful S shaped land.

Mui Ne beach, Phan Thiet

Phan Thiet is a coastal city, the economic and cultural center of Binh Thuan province. With famous sites like Mui Ne and Mui Ke Ga (Ke Ga Cape), Phan Thiet is the ideal destination for those who love sea tourism.

Located 22km north-east of Phan Thiet City, Mui Ne is connected to this coastal city by Nguyen Dinh Chieu Street (Route 706) – which is considered a critical route for Binh Thuan’s tourism industry and newly constructed road 706B. Mui Ne is an overhanging cape surrounded by resorts and hotels of international standard. This is a great place for sea and beach vacations.

This place is famous for its coconut shady roads, beautiful beaches, cliffs where the waves slap all day, the dazzling sand dunes in the sun – the endless source of inspiration for photographers with many famous photos winning international awards. Mui Ne is known as the capital of resorts and is one of the premier locations, an ideal place to relax and get the fresh air for those who love sea tourism in Vietnam -.

A lot of visitors are very excited to take a trip to the sand dunes like the desert of Sahara on the coastline 706 through the scenic of Mui Ne fishing village – Gold Sand Hill – Hon Rom – Long Son – Hon Nghe – White Sand Hill. This area has two great attractions that you should not miss: Gold Sand Hill and White Sand Hill, in which White Sand Hill is larger and also known locally as Ho Trang or Bau Trang Or Bau Sen.

10.The best routes and time with the total days should travel throughout Vietnam

Each client has the different travel schedules to any country in the world. But, before each trip starts to any country is perhaps you still consider that if which sightseeing you should and must see to cover all time you intend to stay in those countries. And, here under is the useful advice as well as the main sites in Vietnam where you should explore.

Normally, to cover almost main sightseeing of a country, at least you also should spend a week to cover that country, and Vietnam is also such that. Vietnam has an advantage is it is length from the north to center and the south, you can start to travel from the north or the south to be fine, this point is depended on your return international flights, if you arrive in the north, then you should land in Hanoi where has the international airport and it is called Noi Bai airport, from here you can cover full main sights of the northern Vietnam included such as Hanoi the capital of Vietnam where is available with the old town of Hanoi (Hanoi Old Quarter), Halong Bay one of the natural heritages in the world, Trang An complex one of the cultural and natural heritages in the world, Hoa Lu Tam Coc “Halong Bay on the land”, Perfume Pagoda where the nature, mountains and water river are mixed together, Sapa the most beautiful mountainous area in the northern Vietnam, Ha Giang where you will see the mighty mountains and mountainous roads….

If you want to cover all these sightseeing, then you should take at least around 7-10 days, otherwise you also just should visit the main highlights of the northern Vietnam such as Hanoi, Halong Bay and Sapa. These highlights are covered around 5 days/4 nights or 6 days/ 5 nights, it is depended on your permitted time. The fact, it is fine for you to visit some cities just in a short time, but it is very rush and you will feel very tired because most of your time is for transfers on the roads. So, if you are the travelers whose like to explore full sights of the northern Vietnam, then you should take at least 7-8 days in this region.

From the northern Vietnam, you are also possible to catch a bus, a train or a flight to the center of Vietnam, the central Vietnam is included the famous destinations such as Hue with the ancient capital and it is also one of the cultural heritage in the world, Danang with some very famous beaches and My Son Holy land where is also one of the cultural heritages in the world, Hoi An where everyone knows with the old town of Hoi An that is one of the cultural heritages in the world, Nha Trang where has many beautiful beaches and islands in this destination.

To encompass full sights of the central Vietnam, you should spend at least 4-6 days, otherwise it is fine for you just to cover Hue and Hoi An around 2-3 days, if you visited the resort where is located nearby the beach in Hoi An is then it is not also too necessary to visit extra Nha Trang because almost sites in Nha Trang is beaches, certainly each place has each different beauty so if you really like to explore and relax on a beach, then visit both of Hoi An and Nha Trang. Normally, the tourist like Hoi An the most because at here you have a chance to explore not only one of the cultural heritage in the world is the old town of Hoi An, enjoy a lot of the different local food, tailor made the clothes, relax on the beaches….but also from Hoi An it is also located nearby other famous sights such as Danang with My Son holy land and the international airport in Danang to catch any flight to any other place around Vietnam (it is just 30km to transfer by car from Hoi An to Hue).

But if you are a tourist who prefers to discover and find about the history of Vietnam, then Hue is an ideal place for you to stop to explore. So ideally, you should stay one night in Hoi An, one night in Hue and one night in Danang if you like the beach. Certainly, depending on your total time (dates) you can divide to suit with each destination. From Danang, you should catch a short flight to Nha Trang if you are a tourist who likes the beach and islands. From Nha Trang you should move to Dalat “the city of love and flower”, the weather in Dalat is very nice and it is very comfortable for the couples whose take honeymoons at here. Or from Nha Trang you should catch a short flight to Ho Chi Minh City instead of Dalat if you want to discover a bustling city as Ho Chi Minh City or still called Saigon. If you intend to travel just the region of the central Vietnam included Hue, Danang, Hoi An, Nha Trang and Dalat is then you should take at least around 4-6 days because you also must transfer by both of the flight and the bus between these destinations (it is also possible for you to take by train between these routes, but it is more tired of you to experience this vehicle in Vietnam).

From Saigon the southern Vietnam, it is easier for you to move to any other tourist destination such as catch a bus from Saigon to Mui Ne beach, take a bus to Mekong River Delta to find about the floating life of the locals as well as enjoy the floating markets at here, catch a short flight to Phu Quoc island or Con Dao island to feel how beautiful the beaches in Vietnam it is, or simple you enjoy a half day trip to Cu Chi Tunnels where is considered as one of the most famous and special tunnels in the world. If you intend to encompass full main sights of the southern Vietnam, then it takes at least 5-7 days, if you do not fly to islands, then it is fine for 2-4 days to visit the main sights in the southern Vietnam include Saigon, Cu Chi, Mekong River Delta.

11. Sightseeing must see in Laos

Pha That Luang

Located in the east of Vientiane capital, That Luang is a landmark of Laos’ s visual arts, and it has a distinctive private architecture in Southeast Asia. That Luang is considered as a deeply religious cultural work symbolizing the mind, creativity, spirit of solidarity… and a symbol of Laos.

sightseeing in Laos

Pha That Luang is a landmark of Laos’ s visual arts

That Luang, in Lao language, means a large tower. It was built in 1566 under the reign of King Setthathirat, after the king moved the capital from Luang Prabang to Vientiane. That was named “Cheddar Chulamnni” which means “A Pearl Tower in the World”, but the people are still accustomed to the name Pha Thang Luang to describe the grandeur of the tower. That Luang was built in an old temple, 2km from Vientiane. It is one of the largest Buddhist temples in Laos with a 90m x 90m bottom and a height of 45m.

The structure of That Luang is divided into three parts. The bottom part is the tower’s platform, each side is 69m long (from the west- east) and 68m (from the north- south), all four sides are covered with 323 stone plates. In the second floor, each side is 48m long, all four sides have large lotus flowers with 120 petals. The contiguous of the second and the third floor has 30 small towers. These small towers are similar in shape to the center tower. The top floor is a central block shaped like a gourd and placed on a hemispherical block decorated with blossoming lotus spread out to four sides. The entire center block is covered with a brilliant yellow color. All of them create a majestic, attractive, and elegant look with a high shape like the arrow of the top of That Luang.

Like many other monuments of ancient architecture in Southeast Asia, That Luang is also influenced by Indian architectural style. It is a symbolic image of Meru Universe mountain (according to the legend of Brahmanism in India, Meru is the mythical mountain range in the center of the universe, and is the place where the Gods live) together with the three- part structure representing the concept of Hinayana Buddhism in terms of the liberation of humans from the three types of suffering associated with the three precepts in order to reach the freedom.

The highlight of Pha That Luang is the image of the gourd on the center tower. Looked from the distance, That Luang is like a five- petal lotus blossom lifting the treasure – the place preserving Buddhist relics. Therefore, the top of the tower is the most sacred, noble and valuable part of tower architecture. The Lao created this top as a unique gourd. This image not only gives That Luang a distinctive, elegant appearance, but it also carries a secret concept which is the origin of the nation of Laos people -.

Wat Si Saket

Wat Sisaket is a small Buddhist temple in Vientiane. The temple has 6,840 small and very rare Buddha statues. The Statues in Wat Si Saket are mainly made from bronze, some are made from other materials such as precious wood, silver, or gilded.

The walls in the corridor are home to more than 2,000 large statues made in the 16th and 19th centuries. Around the corridor, there are more than 300 statues of Lao sculpture made of wood, stone or tin 16th and 19th centuries. Noteworthy, in the main hall and some of the surrounding areas, there are many rare gold-plated ancient statues.

Coming to Sisaket, every people visit the “Buddha statue treasure” lying neatly on the left side of the temple. The door is simply closed with sparse wood panels revealing the hundreds of large Buddha statues inside. There are statues with only the body, there are statues losing feet, there are statues with only the platform. However, all have one thing in common, that is the statues lose their  head.

The head is the most important part of the body. This is also true with the Buddha, the head is the sacred part, the soul of the statue. Therefore, when sculpting the statue, the artists put their soul and mind on the head of the statue so that when looking at the statues, people find the sacred and respect to the Buddha. In addition, the Statue carvers often also attach precious objects such as gold, jade, silver to the head of the statues and considered it as a way to enter the soul of the statue.

Because of these spiritual and material values, every temple in Laos was devastated or robbed during the wars. The enemy not only wanted to eradicate the spirit of the Lao people but also wanted to bring in valuable trophies. To make it easier, invaders often cut the head of the Buddha statues, melted and cast into blocks.

After the wars, the Lao people rebuilt the temples, molded their mysterious Buddha statues. As peace-loving people, they want to remind their children and grandchildren through things that is left over from the unjust war. And the room containing the ruined statues is built to serve this purpose.

It is also a museum where more than 8000 valuable books and 6840 Buddha statues are made of many materials such as bronze, stone, wood, silver or gypsum are kept. In the main hall, there are thousands of niches, each niche contains a Buddha statue, giving a sense of protection to the prayers. The outer courtyard system are also placed hundreds of large and small Buddha statues. There is also a library of nearly 400 years old with many ancient handwritten Buddhist texts on palm leaves …

Buddha Park

Vientiane is a quiet and romantic city on the Mekong. In Lao, Vientiane means “the Moon City” because Laotians think that they “had the origin from the Moon”. Therefore, the national flag of Laos has the shape of the moon in the center.

About 28 km east of Vientiane Capital, there is a group of Buddha statues called the Buddha Park (also called Buddha Statues Garden), which attracts the attention of visitors with more than 200 statues of strange shapes in Buddhist and Hindu creative style. This landmark is located on the banks of the Mekong River and is a place not to be missed when visiting Laos.

The Buddha Statues garden is the space masterpiece of a man named Bonunlua Suliat. In 1958, he chose a location along the Mekong River to create a Buddhist-themed space called Wat Xiengkuane, commonly called the “Buddha Park”, 25 km from Vientiane. Also in the province of Noong Khai Thailand, the mage also performed a second similar project called Wat khaek or Sala Keoku Buddha Park.

The best way to visit the Buddha Park is by tuk tuk. Here, visitors will be overwhelmed to see hundreds of statues built by concrete in mythical Buddhist legend. Some of the Buddha statues sit in nirvana, many others have different poses, postures which extremely lively. In addition to the Buddha statues, there are many gods, demons, musicians, dancers and sacred animals of strange shaped casted by cement.

The Buddha statues in the Garden of Buddha were made in the 1950s – 1960s, the period when the war in Indochina was in the most fierce period. The faces, therefore, perform many different emotions for a certain period of time. The feeling of the time with so much movements and worries of people, of the scene that made the Buddha statues also could not be peaceful, static in the two gardens. Somewhere, visitors can see the disturbance, shock, and surge emotions from the appearance of the statues.

Patuxay

Most tourists visiting the capital of Laos spend time visiting Patuxay, which is considered the symbol of the city. Patuxay (or Patuxai) is seen as the city’s Triumph Arch by people of the country of Elephants. The work was built to honor the soldiers passed away during the war against French of Lao people.

Patuxay Arc de Triumphed – the Lao victory symbol is located at the end of Thanon Luang Boulevard in northeastern Vientiane capital city. It is located in the middle of the main street of the most beautiful street in the capital. Traveling to this place, no matter where you are, you can see the beauty of this monument in the distance. Many visitors say that, in Laos, the Triumph Arch  area is the ideal place for you to welcome the sunshine of morning light and is also a great place to watch the beautiful sunset. It is a time when visitors feel the soul of this land of elephants.

The Arc de Triomphe of Patuxay has many different names such as the Vertical Runway, the Concrete Monster or Champs Elysée of the East. The four-sided structure is 55 meters high, and consists of seven main floors and two additional floors with spiral stairs leading to the top. Tourists coming here go up the spiral staircase to reach the 7th floors of the tower. Upon reaching here, the vast space stretching to all directions of Vientiane’s beautiful capital appears in front of visitors.

This is probably the time to “embrace” the city to feel. Here, you can see the majestic city hall far away, watch the morning market, see the largest market in Vientiane … Especially, you will have opportunities to admire Pha That Luang, the cultural heritage of the world and is the national symbol of Laos. It will be a great opportunity for you to have the “most exclusive” photos of Vientiane.

Kuang Si Waterfall

Located about 30km south of Luang Prabang in Laos, Kuang Si Waterfall population with many small waterfalls is one of the most attractive natural attractions in the country of elephants.

From Luang Prabang, visitors have two ways to get to Kuang Si Waterfall. If you go by land, it is best to rent a motorbike, or rent a tuk tuk. It takes visitors about 50 minutes to go to the south on a pretty asphalt road to the Kuang Si Water Park gate. It is also an interesting option to take an hour to travel by boat downstream the Mekong River to Ban Ou cave and about another 5km to reach the waterfall.

According to Lao language, the waterfall is called Tat Kuang Si. Locals often tell a story associated with that name. Legend has it that, the waterfall was created by a wise old man gathering water from the Nam Xi River by digging deep into the ground. When water came, a golden deer came to build a house under a rock protruding from the falls. The name of Tat Kuang Si is composed of three words: Tat means a waterfall, Kuang means a deer and Si means being formed by digging the land.

Located in the primeval forest of the large park, Kuang Si Waterfall has many floors. From the parking lot outside the gate, walking through the jungle for about 5 minutes, we will encounter the first rapids. The water here has a special turquoise color all year round. This green is the color of the algae that lives in the water in Kuang Si. Continue for about 5 minutes, you will go to the main waterfall. On the wooden bridge over the waterfall, visitors can admire the whole majestic waterfall. From a height of nearly a hundred meters, the cascading waterfall flowing down several steps to the waterfall’s base creating a large natural pool. From here, the green water flows through the forest and creates many “beaches” for visitors.

Adventurous tourists can reach the top of the falls through the steep slope to the right of the lake. From here, the whole area of the natural park appear in front of the eyes of visitors. For many other travelers, they simply pick a stop beside a natural swimming pool next to a forest road, get immersed in the clear water which is as crystal and clear as jade, or just sit in the table made of wood arranged harmoniously to enjoy the jungle scene here.

If you have the opportunity to visit the ancient capital of Luang Prang in the beautiful country of Laos, remember to have a look at Kuang Si waterfall. In the hot climate here, Kuang Si waterfall in the clear space of mountains and forests is particularly attractive.

Pak Ou Cave

Pak Ou Cave is located in the north of Luang Prabang on the Mekong and can be reached by boat or by road transport. Pak Ou Cave is famous for its miniature statues of Buddha, including hundreds of wooden Buddha statues (many of them is damaged) displayed on the cliffs. The system of Buddha statues in Pak Ou is very diverse showing many different forms of the Buddha.

Pak Ou Cave is translated as the cave at the mouth of the Ou River. However, it also has a different name according to the local people- Tam Ting Cave, which means the cave of a thousand Buddhas.

As the name implies, there are thousands of Buddha statues of various sizes, from palm size to the height of a person. The latest actual figures indicate that there are about 4,000 statues in two caves, 1,500 in the cave called Tam Pum and 2,500 other statues in the lower cave as well as the main cave called Tam Ting Cave.

Formed from a series of volcanic and tectonic constructions, the scenery of Pak Ou cave is quite majestic with imposing limestone cliffs, exotic figurines, and perhaps this causes the space surrounding Pak Ou become more mysterious.

There are two theories to talk about the reason why Pak Ou cave becomes such a large place to store Buddha statues.

The first hypothesis was that the complex terrain, difficult access roads were the cause of the Pak Ou transformation into the center of Buddha statues.

It is said that hundreds of years ago, during a battle with the enemy, the city of Luang Prabang fell, to avoid the destruction of the enemy, the monks brought many Buddha statues to this place to preserve the statues. When they came to this river, storms suddenly happened, the boat of the monks capsized and drifted to the hill. Assuming that this is the Buddha’s mind, the monks brought all the Buddha statues to hide here. As time goes by, the number of Buddha statues increases.

The second hypothesis is that the Pak Ou cave had been the sacred site before Buddhism was popular in Laos. This theory comes from the belief in animism or the so-called polytheism which was very popular in ancient times and the Lao people are no exception. It is also said that Pak Ou cave is located at the confluence of three rivers and it is the place where people once used as an area for worshiping the river god.